All about the causes of prostatitis in men and risk factors for the development of the disease

The causes of prostatitis always lie "on the surface" of men's everyday life, and very rarely the disease occurs due to serious internal pathologies. Most often, the cause of prostatitis is a banal urogenital infection that arose as a result of multiple sexual intercourse and non-compliance with basic rules of hygiene.

Exercise for prostatitis

Prostatitis in men is inflammation of the prostate. It is accompanied by many unpleasant subjective sensations and often affects the quality of life of a man. Prevention has always been the most effective way to deal with any disease, but in order to prevent and properly treat prostate inflammation, you need to know its causes.

frequency of occurrence

According to statistics, prostatitis in men is one of the most common urological diseases. It occurs in men both at a young age and in the elderly. According to a number of observations, this disease occurs at least once in 30% of men aged 30-40 years, 40% - at the age of 40-50 years and 50% - at the age over 50 years.

In recent years, the following trend has been observed for several reasons: prostatitis begins to appear at a younger age. Often it is he who causes male infertility.

The course of the disease

The clinical picture of prostatitis in men is different, it depends on the initial condition in general and the immune system in particular, as well as on individual characteristics and lifestyle. The disease can develop asymptomatically for a long time at a young age, but ultimately manifests itself in difficulty in urinating, sexual dysfunction or infertility.

There are two main forms of prostatitis:

  • Contagious.
  • Congestive (non-infectious).

Based on this classification, all causes of the development of prostatitis can also be divided into two groups: those that form a focus of infection in the small pelvis and impede blood and lymphatic circulation in the prostate gland.

Factors provoking acute inflammation

Back pain with prostatitis

The acute course in men is clinically more pronounced, the symptoms develop suddenly, causing the most unpleasant subjective sensations. Often it is accompanied by the appearance of high body temperature (38-39 ° degrees).

The most common causes of such a pathological condition can be a urogenital infection in the form of cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis, as well as sexually transmitted diseases (especially in young people).

The main causative agents of the acute process:

  • Escherichia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  • Klebsiella.
  • protea
  • enterococci.
  • Staphylococcus aureus.
  • trichomonads.
  • Gonorrhea.

Pathogenic intestinal bacteria reach the prostate via the urethra and from the rectum. These pathogens can also be transmitted from partner to partner during sexual contact, and to the question of whether prostatitis can be transmitted sexually, one can answer that it is not the disease itself that is transmitted, but its pathogens.

What Causes Chronic Inflammation?

The causes of the development of prostatitis in its chronic form can also be of an infectious origin. But these are pathogens of a different kind, they cause an asymptomatic, sluggish disease with a cloudy clinical picture. The temperature in chronic prostatitis is most often normal, rarely constantly subfebrile and does not exceed 37. 5 degrees. As a rule, unpleasant symptoms bother men during an exacerbation of the disease.

Pain in a man with prostatitis

The main reason for the transition of the acute form of the disease to the chronic is improper treatment or its complete absence.

The characteristic causes of prostatitis in its chronic form are:

  • mycoplasma.
  • chlamydia.
  • ureaplasma.
  • cytomegalovirus.
  • Candida.

Sometimes bacteria or viruses penetrate the prostate with the blood flow from other organs affected by the inflammatory process. And then this disease can appear due to tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis, or even tooth decay.

Congestive prostatitis is most often chronic. The reasons for its appearance are provoked:

  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • prostate injury.
  • Constipation.
  • Seated activities (especially cross-legged work).
  • Regular hypothermia or overheating of the pelvic area.
  • Features of the anatomical structure of the prostate and urethra.
  • Frequent retention of urination.
  • Bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
  • Irregular sex life.

Separately, it should be said that the development of prostatitis can cause masturbation. In men, masturbation weakens the muscle tone of the prostate. As a result, it becomes flaccid and atonic, which is clinically manifested in congestive prostatitis.

Also, masturbation provokes frequent bruising in the area of \u200b\u200bthe prostate and, as a result, blockage in it. Mechanical trauma to the foreskin and glans penis can lead to the development of balanoposthitis. In this case, bacteria have a direct path through the urethra to the prostate.

It is possible to choose an adequate treatment for prostatitis only after identifying the causes that caused it.